by Meghna Kumar
After over a year of negotiations, the United States, Russia, UK, China, France, and Germany have come to an agreement with Iran regarding Iran’s nuclear program. The deal is an effort to prevent Iran from furthering any ability to create a nuclear weapon.
A vital part of the deal between these nations is Iran’s compromise to enrich uranium up to a maximum of 3.94 percent. In order to engender a nuclear bomb, uranium must be enriched to 90 percent. Essentially, this will allow Iran to continue with their nuclear program, but prevent them from creating a lethal weapon.
Iran has also agreed to slash the number of centrifuges from 19,000 to 6,104. Centrifuges are an integral part of the creation of nuclear bombs, necessary for removing certain particles and creating enriched uranium. This compromise will ensure that even if Iran were to break the 3.94 percent enrichment deal, the process of creating a bomb would be extremely sluggish. President Barack Obama reached this resolution despite a Republican push for all of Iran’s centrifuges to be terminated.
As a part of the accords, Iran must also enact a program to cut 97 percent of its uranium stockpiles; they plan to cut the amount of uranium from 10,000 kilograms to 300 kilograms.
The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), an organization that advocates for the proper use of nuclear power, will oversee all projects regarding nuclear affairs in Iran. By monitoring all materials, centrifuges, and reactors in the nation, the IAEA will ensure that Iran upholds its end of the bargain.
In 2006 a profusion of sanctions were imposed upon Iran, affecting multiple facets of their economy, including the gas, oil, and aviation industries and the financial sector. If the IAEA observes that all conditions are met, the sanctions placed upon Iran will be lifted and bolster the nation’s economy greatly.